بررسی سواد سلامت در بزرگسالان شهر کرج

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 شبکه بهداشت و درمان شهرستان آبیک، قزوین، ایران

2 دانشکده علوم پزشکی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

3 شبکه بهداشت و درمان شهرستان خمین، اراک، ایران

چکیده

 زمینه و هدف: سواد سلامت نشان دهنده مهارتهای شناختی و اجتماعی است که انگیزه و توانایی افراد برای کسب، دسترسی و درک روش های استفاده از اطلاعات جهت حفظ و ارتقای سلامتی را تعیین می کند. این مطالعه با هدف سنجش سواد سلامت بزرگسالان شهر کرج انجام شده است.
مواد و روش‌ها: در این مطالعه توصیفی تحلیلی 525 نفر از افراد 65-18 ساله شهر کرج از طریق نمونه گیری چند مرحله ای وارد مطالعه شدند. اطلاعات مربوطه با استفاده از پرسشنامه های دموگرافیک و پرسشنامه سنجش سواد سلامت جمعیت شهری 65-18 ساله ایرانی HELIA)) به دست آمد. داده ها از طریق نرم افزار spss   و با به کارگیری آزمون های متناسب مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند.
یافته‌ها: میانگین سنی شرکت کنندگان 11/39±33/48 سال بود. 24/20 درصد (124 نفر) از افراد مورد مطالعه سواد سلامت ناکافی، 23/40 درصد (120 نفر) سواد سلامت نه چندان ناکافی، 37/90درصد (194 نفر) سواد سلامت کافی و 14/50 درصد (74 نفر) سواد سلامت عالی داشتند. سواد سلامت ارتباط معنی داری با سن، جنسیت، تأهل، تحصیلات، BMI، مصرف دخانیات و انجام فعالیت بدنی داشت (0/05>P).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به پایین بودن سواد سلامت و اهمیت نقش بزرگسالان در جامعه، لازم است برنامه های آموزشی با هدف ارتقای مهارت های سواد سلامت در آنان، طراحی و اجرا گردند. 
نوع مطالعه: مطالعه پژوهشی.

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