بررسی سواد سلامت و ارتباط آن با خود کار آمدی در سفیران سلامت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 علوم پزشکی ارومیه

2 واحد تحقیقات نظام سلامت، مرکز بهداشت ارومیه، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ارومیه، ایران

10.22038/jhl.2020.44789.1090

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: سواد سلامت یکی از معیارهای عمده تعیین کننده سلامت می باشد. نشان دهنده مهارتهاى شناختى و اجتماعى است که انگیزه و توانایى افراد براى کسب، دسترسى و درک روش هاى استفاده از اطلاعات جهت حفظ و ارتقاى سلامتى را تعیین می کند این مطالعه با هدف بررسی سواد سلامت و ارتباط آن با خود کار آمدی در سفیران سلامت شهر ارومیه انجام گرفت.

روش‌بررسی‌: در این مطالعه توصیفی تحلیلی با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری تصادفی خوشه ای ،200 نفر از سفیران انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده ها، پرسشنامه ای مشتمل بر خصوصیات دموگرافیکی، پرسشنامه سنجش سواد سلامت (HELIA) و خودکارآمدی عمومی (Sherer) بود. داده ها با آزمون های آماری آنالیز واریانس و و رگرسیون تجزیه تحلیل شدند.

یافته‌ها: نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد 21/50% سفیران سلامت از سواد سلامت ناکافی، 30% از سلامت نه چندان کافی، 23% سلامت کافی و 25/50% سلامت عالی برخوردار بودند همچنین سواد سلامت با متغیرهای سن، جنس، سطح تحصیلات وشغل ارتباط معنی دار داشت. نتایج رکرسیون نشان داد که بین سواد سلامت و خود کار امدی سفیران سلامت ارتباط معنادار وجود دارد . به طور که سواد سلامت قادر به تبیین 0/62 واریانس خود کار آمدی سفیران سلامت می باشد.

نتیجه گیری: با توجه به اهمیت سواد سلامت در سفیران سلامت و تأثیری که خودکارآمدی بر سواد سلامت دارد به نظر می رسد برنامه های آموزشی در راستای افزایش خود کارآمدی می تواند در تقویت سواد سلامت مراقبین سلامت موثر باشد.

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