ضرورت تربیت جنسی خانواده محور : مرور سیستماتیک

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 گروه روان شناسی کودکان استثنایی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد ایران

2 مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت های پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: تربیت جنسی از موضوعات مهم در حوزه تربیت بوده و بر شکل گیری شخصیت انسان و بر افکار، عواطف و رفتارهای او موثر است. این مطالعه در جهت مرور مطالعات موجود  با هدف "تعیین ضرورت تربیت جنسی خانواده محور" انجام گردید.
مواد و روش ها: مطالعه حاضر بر اساس پروتوکل مرور سیستماتیک PRISMA  انجام شد. داده های مطالعه از بررسی و جستجو در منابع الکترونیک علمی بین المللی سازمان جهانی بهداشت[1]، پاپ مد[2]،  اسکوپوس[3]، وب او ساینس[4]، گوگل اسکولار[5] و پایگاه داده های فارسی از جمله ، پایگاه اطلاعات علمی جهاد دانشگاهی[6]، ایران مدکس[7]، مگ ایران[8] و نیز جستجوی دستی با استفاده از کلمات کلیدی متناسب بدست آمده است.  معیارهای ورود به این نمونه مقالات انگلیسی و فارسی منتشر شده از سال 1990  تا ژوئن سال 2018 بود.
یافته ها: از مطالعه 294 مقاله مورد بررسی قرار گرفته در مجموع 17 مقاله وارد مطالعه شد که یافته ها نشان دهنده این بود که ارتباط موثر والدین با فرزندان سبب ایجاد نگرش درست به مسئله جنسیت و نیز رفتارهای صحیح در این زمینه می گردد. این موارد شامل  بهبود بهداشت باروری نوجوانان، افزایش آگاهی در موارد بلوغ و قاعدگی، بارداری و اچ آی وی / ایدز، روشهای پیشگیری از بارداری اورژانسی و کاندوم، تاخیر در شروع فعالیت جنسی، ارتباط جنسی کمتر و پیشگیری از بارداری ناخواسته بود. نکته بعدی در مرور این متون ارتباط کمتر پسران با والدین در بحث های جنسیتی بود.
نتیجه گیری: تربیت خانواده محور در امر تربیت جنسی بسیار مهم است و این روش می تواند از ارتکاب بسیاری از رفتارهای نادرست جنسی پیشگیری کند.  نکته حائز اهمیت اینکه  ارگان های آموزش و پرورش و بهداشتی بایستی این روش تربیتی خانواده محور  را سرلوحه برنامه ریزی خود قرار دهند. مسئله مهم دیگر اهمیت آموزش و توانمند سازی والدین در ارتباط با آموزش مسائل جنسی به فرزندان است.



[1]  WHO; World Health Organization
[2] PubMed
[3] Scopus
[4] Web of Science
[5] Google Scholar
[6] SID
[7] Iran Medex
[8] Magiran

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