ارتباط سواد سلامت و خود مراقبتی بیماران مبتلا به نارسایی قلب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی زاهدان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: نارسایی قلبی بیماری مزمن و پرهزینه‌ای است که سبک زندگی سالم در پیشگیری از آن مؤثر بوده و سواد سلامت نیز برای ارتقای خودمراقبتی این بیماران لازم است. هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین ارتباط بین سواد سلامت و رفتار خود مراقبتی بیماران نارسایی قلب بستری در بیمارستان می‌باشد.
مواد و روش ها: پژوهش حاضر مطالعه اى توصیفى تحلیلى از نوع همبستگی می باشد که در سال 1396 بر روی 180 نفر از بیماران نارسایی قلب بستری در بیمارستان های شهر زاهدان انجام شد. نمونه ها با استفاده از روش نمونه گیرى آسان انتخاب شدند. داده ها از طریق پرسشنامه اى که شامل سه قسمت اطلاعات دموگرافیکی، سواد سلامتى و خود مراقبتی بود جمع آورى گردید. داده های جمع آورى شده به کمک نرم افزار 19 SPSS و آزمونهاى آمارى شامل تی مستقل ،ANOVA، ضریب همبستگى پیرسون مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته ها: میانگین نمره سطح سواد سلامت 7/22 (از 43نمره ) با انحراف معیار 6/6 بود. بر اساس نتایج بدست آمده40% بیماران داراى سواد سلامتى ناکافى، 45% دارای سطح سواد متوسط و 15% دارای سطح سواد کافی و مطلوب بودند. میانگین نمره خودمراقبتی 7/44 و انحراف معیار 9/1 بود (از80 نمره) که بیشتر از سطح متوسط بود. بر اساس آزمون ضریب همبستگی پیرسون بین سواد سلامت و خودمراقبتی رابطه مستقیم و معنی داری وجود داشت (r=0.48,p=0.021)یعنی با افزایش سواد سلامت، خودمراقبتی ارتقاء می یافت.
نتیجه گیرى: یافته هاى حاصل از این پژوهش نشان دادند که در بیماران دچار نارسایی قلبی، با افزایش سواد سلامت، سطح خودمراقبتی افزایش می یابد، لذا توصیه می شود برای ارتقای سواد سلامت این بیماران، مداخلات آموزشی در این زمینه انجام گردد.

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