ارتباط سواد سلامت و سطح فعالیت ورزشی سالمندان زن شهر ارومیه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه پیام نور تهران

2 دانشیار و عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه پیام نور گیلان

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: سواد سلامت عبارت است از مهارت‌های شناختی و اجتماعی که تعیین کننده انگیزه و دانایی افراد برای به دست آوردن و دسترسی به اطلاعات، درک و استفاده از آن‌ها برای ارتقا و حفظ سلامت می‌باشد. فعالیت ورزشی منظم برای سلامت انسان ضروری است. براین اساس هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی ارتباط سواد سلامت و سطح فعالیت ورزشی سالمندان زن شهر ارومیه می‌باشد.
 مواد و روش‌ها: در این مطالعه توصیفی همبستگی 120 نفر از زنان سالمند شهر ارومیه انتخاب شدند. جهت گردآوری اطلاعات از دو پرسشنامه سواد سلامت عملکردی بزرگسالان TOFHLA و پرسشنامه فعالیت بدنی  Baekce استفاده شد تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها به وسیله نرم افزار SPSS و آزمونt  تک نمونه ای، رگرسیون گام به گام و همبستگی پیرسون انجام شد.
 یافته‌ها:‌30 درصد سالمندان سواد سلامت کافی، 34/38سواد سلامت ناکافی و 64/31سواد سلامت مرزی داشتند. همبستگی مثبت و معنی‌داری بین سواد سلامت کافی و مرزی با فعالیت ورزشی وجود دارد. نتایج t تک نمونه ای نشان داد که میزان سواد سلامت در دو بعد دسترسی و خواندن در بانوان سالمند شهر ارومیه از سطح متوسط بیش‌تر است. تحلیل رگرسیون گام به گام نشان داد که سلامت کافی و سواد سلامت مرزی، می‌توانند فعالیت‌های ورزشی بانوان را به میزان 80 درصد پیش بینی کنند.
 نتیجه‌گیری: به منظور ارتقای سطوح فعالیت‌های ورزشی سالمندان زن باید سواد و دانش سلامت آن‌ها بهبود یابد. با برنامه ریزی و طراحی برنامه های آموزشی مفید در زمینه سواد سلامت متناسب با سالمندان می‌توان جهت توسعه مهارت‌های سواد سلامت در جامعه گامی مؤثر برداشت و سلامت جسمانی سالمندان را ارتقا داد.
نوع مقاله: مطالعه پژوهشی.

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