رابطه سواد سلامت و سبک زندگی بیماران مبتلا به نارسایی قلب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، مرکز تحقیقات سلامت جامعه ، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی زاهدان ، زاهدان، ایران

2 استادیار ، مرکز تحقیقات ارتقاء سلامت ، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی زاهدان ، زاهدان ، ایران.

چکیده

سابقه و هدف: نارسایی قلبی یک بیماری مزمن و پرهزینه‌ای است که سبک زندگی سالم در پیشگیری از آن مؤثر بوده و سواد سلامت نیز باعث ارتقای خود مراقبتی و بهبود این بیماری می گردد. این مطالعه با هدف تعیین ارتباط بین سواد سلامت و سبک زندگی در بیماران مبتلا به نارسایی قلبی بستری در بیمارستان های شهر زاهدان انجام شد.
مواد و روش ها: پژوهش حاضر مطالعه اى توصیفى- تحلیلى بود که در سال 1396 در میان 180 نفر از بیماران نارسایی قلب بستری در بیمارستان های شهر زاهدان که شرایط ورود به مطالعه را داشتند، انجام شد. نمونه ها به صورت سرشماری انتخاب شدند. داده ها از طریق دو پرسشنامه (پرسشنامه سواد سلامت TFOHLA و پرسشنامه سبک زندگی ارتقای دهنده سلامت HPLP) جمع آورى شد. داده های جمع آورى شده به کمک نرم افزار 19 SPSS و آزمونهاى آمارى، تی مستقل، ANOVA، ضریب همبستگى پیرسون مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته ها: در این مطالعه، 40%(72 نفر) داراى سواد سلامتى ناکافى، 45% (81 نفر) دارای سطح سواد متوسط و 15% (27 نفر) دارای سطح سواد کافی و مطلوب بودند. بین سواد سلامت و سبک زندگی رابطه مستقیم و از نظر آماری معنی داری وجود داشت (0/02=p=0/51=r) یعنی با افزایش سواد سلامت، سبک زندگی ارتقای پیدا می کرد.
نتیجه گیرى: یافته هاى حاصل از این پژوهش نشان دادند که در بیماران نارسایی قلبی با افزایش سواد سلامت، سبک زندگی ارتقای پیدا می کند.با توجه به نتایج بدست آمده توصیه می گردد تا سواد سلامت این بیماران با استفاده از روشهای مختلف آموزشی، ارتقای داده شود و سبک زندگی سالم به صورت هدفمند و مستمر برای بیماران مبتلا به نارسایی قلبی آموزش داده شود.
 

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