مقایسه سواد سلامتی و سبک زندگی سالم در زنان سالمند بازنشسته و خانه دار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار ،گروه روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی ، دانشکده علوم انسانی ، دانشگاه خاتم ، تهران ، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: بیماری های دوران سالمندی تاثیر ات فراوانی بر زنان سالمند و خانواده های آنان دارد. تحقیقات پیشین نشان داده است سواد سلامتی و سبک زندگی سلامت مدار بر پیشگیری از بیماری در سالمندان موثر است. از این رو، هدف پژوهش حاضر  مقایسه سواد سلامتی و سبک زند گی سلامت مدار در زنان سالمند خانه دار و بازنشسته می­باشد.
مواد و روش‌ها: این پژوهش از نوع توصیفی­­- مقایسه­ای است. 80 زن سالمند بازنشسته به روش نمونه گیری هدف دار و 80 زن سالمند خانه­دار به روش نمونه گیری تصادفی ساده در شهر تهران در سال 9413 انتخاب شدند و و از نظر سن، میزان تحصیلات و سطح اقتصادی خانواده با گروه بازنشسته همتاسازی گروهی شدند. ابزار اندازه گیری شامل مقیاس سبک زندگی ارتقاء دهنده سلامتی(HPLP II) و مقیاس سواد سلامتی (HELIA ) می­باشد. داده­ها با استفاده از تی مستقل و SPSS نسخه 20 مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها: یافته­ها نشان داد تفاوت معناداری بین سبک زندگی (0.001p<، 158=df،-6/46 =t) و سواد سلامتی (0.001p< ، 158=df،-6/59 =t) و خرده مقیاس های این دو متغیر در بین زنان بازنشسته و خانه­دار سالمند وجود دارد.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج نشان داد سطح سواد سلامتی و سبک زندگی زنان سالمند خانه دار پایین تر از زنان سالمند بازنشسته است. از این رو، لازم است برنامه های آموزشی در جهت بهبود و ارتقا سواد سلامتی و سبک زندگی این گروه مدنظر قرار بگیرد. 
نوع مطالعه: مطالعه پژوهشی.

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