Is there a relationship between health literacy and lifestyle in infertile males and females in City Zahedan?

Document Type : Original Article


1 Student Research Committee, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

2 School of Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

3 Pregnancy Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

4 Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran


Background and Objectives: Reproductive health is gentlydecreasing because of  multiples exogenous and endogenous factors, such as diet, behavior and environmental contaminants.Since nutritional behaviors are a required part of a healthy lifestyle, therefore, this study aimed to find out the relationship between health literacy, lifestyle in infertile males and females in Zahedan, Iran.

Materials and methods: The present descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 86 men and 181 women who referred to Infertility center(Ali Ibn Abi Talibmolod Hospital)  in Zahedan through random selection method. To collect data Health literacy standard questionnaires (HELIA), Miller-Smith lifestyle assessment inventory(LSI)were used. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS v.22 software.

Results: There was Statistically significant relationshipbetween health literacyand Lifestyle (r = 0.326 p<0.001)as well as both of them withsome nutritional behaviors(p ≤ 0.05).People with higher levels of health literacy had better lifestyle and healthy nutritional behaviors.

Conclusion: The results showed that health literacy had a significant association withLifestyle.It is necessary to design and implement appropriate educational interventions to improve nutrition knowledge and promote healthy fertility as one of the important priorities of the society.


Acknowledgments: The authors would like to appreciateparticipants and Zahedan Infertility Center staff. Financial support was provided by the student research committee of Zahedan University of Medical Sciences.

Availability of data and materials: Data will beavailable upon request from the corresponding

Conflicts of interests: There is no conflict of interest has been declared by the authors. 

Consent for publication: Not applicable.

Ethical approval and consent to participate: The study adhered to the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. This study was approved bystudent research committee of Zahedan University of Medical Sciences with the code of ethics 10690- (IR.ZAUMS.REC.1401.152). After explaining the purpose of the study, participants were ensured voluntarily.

Funding: Zahedan University of Medical Sciences.

Author Contributions:  Design and implementation of the project MS and FGk, Scientific monitoring of the project MS, Analysis of data: MKH, Involvement in implementation of project: FGk and MGh, Participation in writing article: MS and FGk.

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