Covid-19 vaccine literacy status of individuals without completed covid-19 vaccine period and implementation of covid-19 vaccine in Turkey: descriptive study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Nurse at County Health Department Çan/Çanakkale/TURKEY

2 Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of Health Sciences Nursing Department Lecturer Çanakkale/TURKEY


Background and Objective: In the Covid 19 pandemic, determining the vaccine literacy of individuals whose vaccination process has not been completed and ensuring that they are vaccinated shows the importance of this study. This study was carried out between 1 January and 31 March 2022.
This study was conducted to determine the vaccine literacy level of individuals whose Covid-19 vaccines were not completed during the Covid-19 pandemic process and to apply Covid-19 vaccines.

Materials and Methods: This study is descriptive and cross-sectional study. The population of the study consisted of individuals over the age of 18 who did not complete their Covid-19 vaccines and lived in a town in the west of Turkey. After the power analysis was conducted, the sample consisted of 923 people who agreed to participate in the research. The information form and the Covid-19 Vaccine Literacy Scale were used as data collection tools. The Independent Sample t-test was used to compare the Covid-19 vaccine literacy and sub-dimension scores with personal information; one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare educational status and income levels; the Tukey HSD test was used as post-hoc test; and the Pearson Correlation analysis was used to correlate the continuous variables with each other.

Results: The mean score of the Covid-19 Vaccine Literacy Scale was found to be above average, and the mean score of the subdimensions communicative/critical and functional skills was found to be moderate. It was found that the participants’ Covid 19 vaccine literacy was associated with marital status, education levels, income level, having the Covid-19 disease, and having previously been vaccinated against Covid-19.

Conclusion: As a result of the research conducted between January 1, 2022 and March 31, 2022, 923 volunteer participants were vaccinated against Covid-19. The first dose of Covid-19 vaccine was administered to 82 people out of 923 who had never been vaccinated. A second dose of Covid-19 vaccine was administered to 178 people, a third dose of Covid-19 vaccine to 311 people, a fourth dose of Covid-19 vaccine to 271 people, and a fifth dose of Covid-19 vaccine to 81 people. An important vaccination program was carried out, and this result is the most important success of our study. It was found that there was a relationship between the Covid-19 vaccine literacy levels and the Covid-19 vaccination, marital status, education level, income status and Covid-19 disease status of the individuals participating in the study. The Covid-19 vaccine literacy score of the participants was above the medium level, and the sub-dimension scores of the participants were moderate. In total, 923 volunteer participants were vaccinated against Covid-19, and 82 people who had never been vaccinated were given the first dose of Covid-19 vaccine.


Acknowledgements: Thank you to everyone who participated in our research. This study was prepared based on the first author's master's thesis.

Availability of data and materials: All data is reserved to the researchers,  available upon request.

Conflicts of interests: We declare that there is no conflict between the authors. There is no conflict of interest between the authors, we declare İbrahim ÇELİK, Gülnur AKKAYA.

Consent for publication : Not applicable, as no identifiable information is revealed in the publication.

Ethical approval and consent to participate: All procedures comply with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki.Before starting the study, permission was obtained by the Scientific Research Ethics Committee of the Graduate Education Institute of University with the decision dated 30/09/2021 and numbered 17/18. Permission for the study was obtained from the Scientific Research Platform of the Ministry of Health. Institutional permission was obtained from the Provincial Health Directorate of City Governorship. Permission to use the ‘Covid-19 Vaccine Literacy Scale’ was obtained by e-mail from Ayhan Durmuş, who conducted the validity and reliability of the Turkish version. Consent was obtained from those who agreed to participate in the study.

Funding: We declare that no financial support has been received from any institution or organization for this research.

Author contributions: Study design: GA, Data collection: İÇ, Data analysis: İÇ, GA, Study supervision: GA, Manuscript writing: İÇ, GA, Critical revisions for important intellectual content: GA.


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