Covid-19 vaccine literacy status of individuals without completed covid-19 vaccine period and implementation of covid-19 vaccine in Turkey: descriptive study

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Nurse at County Health Department Çan/Çanakkale/TURKEY

2 Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of Health Sciences Nursing Department Lecturer Çanakkale/TURKEY

Abstract

Background and Objective: In the Covid 19 pandemic, determining the vaccine literacy of individuals whose vaccination process has not been completed and ensuring that they are vaccinated shows the importance of this study. This study was carried out between 1 January and 31 March 2022.
This study was conducted to determine the vaccine literacy level of individuals whose Covid-19 vaccines were not completed during the Covid-19 pandemic process and to apply Covid-19 vaccines.

Materials and Methods: This study is descriptive and cross-sectional study. The population of the study consisted of individuals over the age of 18 who did not complete their Covid-19 vaccines and lived in a town in the west of Turkey. After the power analysis was conducted, the sample consisted of 923 people who agreed to participate in the research. The information form and the Covid-19 Vaccine Literacy Scale were used as data collection tools. The Independent Sample t-test was used to compare the Covid-19 vaccine literacy and sub-dimension scores with personal information; one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare educational status and income levels; the Tukey HSD test was used as post-hoc test; and the Pearson Correlation analysis was used to correlate the continuous variables with each other.

Results: The mean score of the Covid-19 Vaccine Literacy Scale was found to be above average, and the mean score of the subdimensions communicative/critical and functional skills was found to be moderate. It was found that the participants’ Covid 19 vaccine literacy was associated with marital status, education levels, income level, having the Covid-19 disease, and having previously been vaccinated against Covid-19.

Conclusion: As a result of the research conducted between January 1, 2022 and March 31, 2022, 923 volunteer participants were vaccinated against Covid-19. The first dose of Covid-19 vaccine was administered to 82 people out of 923 who had never been vaccinated. A second dose of Covid-19 vaccine was administered to 178 people, a third dose of Covid-19 vaccine to 311 people, a fourth dose of Covid-19 vaccine to 271 people, and a fifth dose of Covid-19 vaccine to 81 people. An important vaccination program was carried out, and this result is the most important success of our study. It was found that there was a relationship between the Covid-19 vaccine literacy levels and the Covid-19 vaccination, marital status, education level, income status and Covid-19 disease status of the individuals participating in the study. The Covid-19 vaccine literacy score of the participants was above the medium level, and the sub-dimension scores of the participants were moderate. In total, 923 volunteer participants were vaccinated against Covid-19, and 82 people who had never been vaccinated were given the first dose of Covid-19 vaccine.

Keywords


Acknowledgements: Thank you to everyone who participated in our research. This study was prepared based on the first author's master's thesis.


Availability of data and materials: All data is reserved to the researchers,  available upon request.


Conflicts of interests: We declare that there is no conflict between the authors. There is no conflict of interest between the authors, we declare İbrahim ÇELİK, Gülnur AKKAYA.


Consent for publication : Not applicable, as no identifiable information is revealed in the publication.


Ethical approval and consent to participate: All procedures comply with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki.Before starting the study, permission was obtained by the Scientific Research Ethics Committee of the Graduate Education Institute of University with the decision dated 30/09/2021 and numbered 17/18. Permission for the study was obtained from the Scientific Research Platform of the Ministry of Health. Institutional permission was obtained from the Provincial Health Directorate of City Governorship. Permission to use the ‘Covid-19 Vaccine Literacy Scale’ was obtained by e-mail from Ayhan Durmuş, who conducted the validity and reliability of the Turkish version. Consent was obtained from those who agreed to participate in the study.


Funding: We declare that no financial support has been received from any institution or organization for this research.


Author contributions: Study design: GA, Data collection: İÇ, Data analysis: İÇ, GA, Study supervision: GA, Manuscript writing: İÇ, GA, Critical revisions for important intellectual content: GA.

 

1- World Health Organisation. An ad hoc WHO technical consultation managing the COVID-19 infodemic: call for action. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240010314 2020; (Accessed 20 th January 2022).
 
2- Banerjee, D. The COVID-19 outbreak: Crucial role the psychiatrists can play. Asian J. of Psychiatry. 2020; 50, 102014. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102014
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102014
PMid:32240958 PMCid:PMC7270773    
 
3- Republıc Of Turkey Mınıstry Of Health. General Information. https://covid19asi.saglik.gov.tr/TR-77805/asi-turleri.html 2022a;(Accessed 22th March2022)    
 
4- Aygün, E., & Tortop, H. S. Investigation of Parents' Vaccine Hesitation Levels and Reasons of Vaccine Refusal. Güncel Pediatri (JCP).2020; 18 (3): 300-316.
https://doi.org/10.4274/jcp.2020.0028
 
5- Yiğit, T., Oktay, B. Ö., Özdemir, C. N., & Moustafa Pasa, S. Antı-vaccınatıon and ıt's ıntellectual appearance. J. of Social and Humanities Sciences Research. 2020;7 (53);1244-1261. http://dx.doi.org/10.26450/jshsr.1881
https://doi.org/10.26450/jshsr.1881
 
6- Priego-Parra, B. A., Triana-Romero, A., Pinto-Gálvez, S. M., Ramos, C. D., Salas-Nolasco, O., Reyes, et all. Anxiety, depression, attitudes, and internet addiction during the initial phase of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic: A cross-sectional study in Mexico. MedRxiv. 2020; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.05.10.20095844
https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.05.10.20095844
PMid:32641304 PMCid:PMC7348641    
 
7- Dong, H., Yang, F., Lu, X., & Hao, W. Internet addiction and related psychologicalfactors among children and adolescents in China during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2020;11;00751. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00751
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00751
PMid:32982806 PMCid:PMC7492537    
 
8- Cinelli, M., Quattrociocchi, W., Galeazzi, A., Valensise, C. M., Brugnoli, E., Schmidt, A., et all.The COVID-19 social media infodemic. Scientific Reports. 2020; 10;16598. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73510-5
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73510-5
PMid:33024152 PMCid:PMC7538912    
 
9- Gölbaşı, S. D.,& Metintaş, S. Covıd-19 pandemıc and ınfodemıa. ESTUDAM Halk Sağlığı Dergisi (COVID-19 Özel Sayısı).2020; 5;126-137.
https://doi.org/10.35232/estudamhsd.797508
 
10- Republıc Of Turkey Mınıstry Of Health. Türkiye'nin Sağlık Okuryazarlığı Düzeyi Ölçüldü, https://sggm.saglik.gov.tr/?_Dil=2 2022b; (Accessed 27th April 2022 )    
 
11- Badua, A.R., Caraquel, J.K., Cruz, M., & Narvaez R.A. Vaccine literacy: A concept analysis. Int. J. of Mental Health Nursing. 2022; 31; 857-867. doi: 10.1111/inm.12988
https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12988
PMid:35289065 PMCid:PMC9111838    
 
12- Ratzan, S.C.,& Parker, R.M. Vaccine Literacy-helping Everyone Decide to Accept Vaccination. J. of Health Communication. 2020; 25; 750-752, https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2021.1875083
https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2021.1875083
PMid:33719880    
 
13- Lazarus, J.V., Ratzan, S.C., Palayew,A., Gostin, L.O., Larson H.J., Rabin, K., et.all.A global survey of potential acceptance of a COVID-19 vaccine. Nature Medicine. 2021; 27;225-228. doi:10.1038/s41591-020-1124-9.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-1124-9
PMid:33082575 PMCid:PMC7573523    
 
14- Republıc Of Turkey Mınıstry Of Health. COVID-19 Aşısı Ulusal Uygulama Stratejisi. https://covid19asi.saglik.gov.tr/TR-77706/covid-19-asisi-ulusal-uygulama-stratejisi.html 2022c; (Accessed 17th August 2022 )    
 
15- Durmuş, A., Akbolat, M., & Amarat, M. Turkish validity and reliability of COVID-19 Vaccine Literacy Scale. Cukurova Medical J. 2021; 46(2);732-741.doi: 10.17826/cumj.870432
https://doi.org/10.17826/cumj.870432
 
16- Ishikawa, H., Takeuchi, T., & Yano, E. Measuring functional, communicative, and critical health literacy among diabetic patients. Diabetes Care. 2008; 31(5); 874-879. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc07-1932
https://doi.org/10.2337/dc07-1932
PMid:18299446    
 
17- Biasio, L. R., Bonaccorsi, G., Lorini, C., & Pecorelli, S. Assessing covid-19 vaccine literacy: A preliminary online survey. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics.2021;17 (5); 1304-1312. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2020.1829315
https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2020.1829315
PMid:33118868 PMCid:PMC8078752    
 
18- George, D. SPSS for windows step by step: A simple study guide and reference, 17.0 update, 10/e. Pearson Education India 2011.    
 
19- Gusar, I., Konjevoda, S., Babić, G., Hnatešen, D., Čebohin, M., Orlandini, R.,et.all. Pre-Vaccination COVID-19 Vaccine Literacy in a Croatian Adult Population: A Cross-Sectional Study, Int. J. of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13); 7073. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137073
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137073
PMid:34281009 PMCid:PMC8297136    
 
20- Takahashi, Y., Ishitsuka, K., Sampei, M., Okawa, S., Hosokawa, Y., Ishiguro, A., et all. COVID-19 vaccine literacy and vaccine hesitancy among pregnant women and mothers of young children in Japan. Vaccine. 2022; 40(47); 6849-6856. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.09.094
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.09.094
PMid:36266127 PMCid:PMC9574944    
 
21- Lorini, C., Collini, F., Galletti, G, Ierardi, F., Forni, S., Gatteschi, C., et.all. Vaccine Literacy and Source of Information about Vaccination among Staff of Nursing Homes: A Cross-Sectional Survey Conducted in Tuscany (Italy). Vaccines. 2022; 10, 682. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10050682
https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10050682
PMid:35632438 PMCid:PMC9144185    
 
22- Michel J.P., & Goldberg J. Education, Healthy Ageing and Vaccine Literacy, The J. of nutrition, health & aging. 2021; 25(5); 698-701. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12603-021-1627-1
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-021-1627-1
PMid:33949640 PMCid:PMC8040006    
 
23- Engelbrecht, M.C., Kigozi, N.G., & Heunis, J.C. Factors Associated with Limited Vaccine Literacy: Lessons Learnt from COVID-19. Vaccines. 2022; 10(6); 865. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060865
https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10060865
PMid:35746473 PMCid:PMC9229188