The Impact of Internet Health Information on Patient Compliance: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Document Type : Systematic Review


1 Kerman University of Medical Sciences

2 District Education, Education Department of Kerman Province, Kerman, Iran.


Background and Objectives: Patient compliance plays an important role in the relationship between the patient and the physicians. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the impact of internet health information on patient compliance.

Material and Methods: Comprehensive searches of the databases were used to identify potentially eligible studies. No year range was set in this study. PRISMA guidelines have carried out this systematic view and meta-analysis. The two authors reviewed the studies based on inclusion criteria for systematic review. Statistical analysis was performed using CMA, version 2.0.

Results: The results of this meta-analysis showed that the satisfaction and quality of Internet health information can have a positive effect on patient compliance with treatment.

Conclusions: Internet health information is widely available and interpreted in different ways, so it can positively or negatively affect patients' decision and performance to compliance to treatment. Therefore, physicians need to identify credible and understandable and the quality of health information websites, so that patients have access to quality information.


Availability of data and materials: The datasets used and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

Conflict of Interest: The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Consent for Publication: Our manuscript does not contain individual data, therefore this category does not apply.

Ethical consideration:  The authors considered common forms of search biases, such as database bias, citation bias, availability bias, language bias, country bias, and familiarity bias.

Funding: The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Authors' contributions: M.ShB. devised the project, the main conceptual ideas and proof outline. S.ShB.  was in charge of overall direction and planning. M.ShB. and S.ShB. wrote the manuscript with input from all authors.

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