What do Parents Know about Environmental Health Literacy in relation to Children’s Health?

Document Type : Original Article

Author

1 Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences,

2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

Abstract

Background and Objective: Considering the importance of intra-city commercial drivers to the developing nation's economy like Nigeria and the chain effects of health neglect among them on the general wellbeing of all, understanding their health literacy level and its associated factors becomes imperative. This study, therefore, aims to examine health literacy levels and their associated and predicting factors among intra-city commercial drivers in Ibadan, the capital city of Oyo State, South-West, Nigeria.

Materials and Methods: This study is a descriptive type and a quantitative research method using a survey design was adopted. The participants of the study consist of commercial taxicabs drivers and tricycle riders in the city of Ibadan. Two hundred and three (203) commercial drivers participated in the study using a simple random sampling technique from twelve (12) purposively selected motor parks in Ibadan, Nigeria. A self-constructed questionnaire that focuses on two domains- demographic characteristics and health literacy was used as an instrument of data collection for the study. Data were collected within a six (6) week period (April 26-June 7, 2021). The collected data were analysed using simple percentages, mean and standard deviation, Univariate analysis and Logistic regression.

Results: In the study, the weighted average of the health literacy of intra-city commercial drivers is 3.43 and 55.2% of the respondents have adequate health literacy while 44.8% of them have inadequate health literacy. Sex (p≤0.003), marital status (p≤0.000), religion (p≤0.000), educational level (p≤0.000) and income (p=0.001) were found to be significantly associated with the health literacy status of the commercial drivers.

Conclusion: This study highlights the need for stakeholders (government, health practitioners and providers, educators etc.) to make a concerted move through policy formulations, interventions, structured education, provision of information and effective communication to improve health literacy and general well-being of the commercial drivers.

Keywords


1. Finn S, O'Fallon L. The emergence of environmental health literacy-from its roots to its future potential. Environmental health perspectives. 2017;125(4):495-501.
https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1409337
PMid:26126293 PMCid:PMC5382009
 
2. Koester BD, Sloane S, Fujimoto EM, Fiese BH, Su LY-F. What Do Childcare Providers Know about Environmental Influences on Children's Health? Implications for Environmental Health Literacy Efforts. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2021;18(10):5489.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105489
PMid:34065537 PMCid:PMC8160689
 
3. Davis LF, Ramirez-Andreotta MD, McLain JE, Kilungo A, Abrell L, Buxner S. Increasing environmental health literacy through contextual learning in communities at risk. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2018;15(10):2203.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102203
PMid:30304865 PMCid:PMC6210322
 
4. Khorasani MY, Langari H, Sany SBT, Rezayi M, Sahebkar A. The role of curcumin and its derivatives in sensory applications. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 2019;103:109792.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2019.109792
PMid:31349416
 
5. Jafari Y, Vahedian-Shahroodi M, Tehrani H, Haresabadi M, Shariati M. The relationship between caregivers' health literacy and the behavior of women with multiple sclerosis. Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility. 2018;21(7):71-64.
 
6. Sany ST, Monazami G, Rezayi M, Tajfard M, Borgheipour H. Application of water quality indices for evaluating water quality and anthropogenic impact assessment. International journal of environmental science and technology. 2019;16(7):3001-12.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-018-1894-5
 
7. Sany SBT, Hashim R, Salleh A, Rezayi M, Safari O. Ecological quality assessment based on macrobenthic assemblages indices along West Port, Malaysia coast. Environmental earth sciences. 2015;74(2):1331-41.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-015-4122-3
 
8. Rezayi M, Heng LY, Abdi MM, Noran N, Esmaeili C. A thermodynamic study on the complex formation between tris (2-Pyridyl) methylamine (tpm) with Fe 2, Fe 3, Cu 2 and Cr 3 cations in water, acetonitrile binary solutions using the conductometric method. Int J Electrochem Sci. 2013;8:6922-32.
 
9. LaVeaux D, Simonds VW, Picket V, Cummins J, Calkins E. Developing a Curriculum for Change: Water & Environmental Health Literacy in a Native American Community. Progress in community health partnerships: research, education, and action. 2018;12(4):441.
 
10. Hashemi M, Sadeghi A, Saghi M, Aminzare M, Raeisi M, Rezayi M, et al. Health risk assessment for human exposure to trace metals and arsenic via consumption of hen egg collected from largest poultry industry in Iran. Biological Trace Element Research. 2019;188(2):485-93.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-018-1437-4
PMid:30019208
 
11. Tehrani GM, Rosli H, Sulaiman A, Sany BT, Salleh A, Owfi F, et al. Petroleum hydrocarbon assessment in the wastewaters of petrochemical special economic zone and sediment benchmark calculation of the coastal area-northwest of the Persian Gulf. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. 2014;13(1):119-34.
 
12. Sany SBT, Narimani L, Soltanian FK, Hashim R, Rezayi M, Karlen DJ, et al. An overview of detection techniques for monitoring dioxin-like compounds: latest technique trends and their applications. RSC advances. 2016;6(60):55415-29.
https://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA11442C
 
13. Tajfard M, Tavakoly Sany SB, Avan A, Latiff LA, Rahimi HR, Moohebati M, et al. Relationship between serum high sensitivity C‐reactive protein with angiographic severity of coronary artery disease and traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Journal of cellular physiology. 2019;234(7):10289-99.
https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.27945
PMid:30548615
 
14. Sany BT, Sulaiman A, Monazami G, Salleh A. Assessment of Sediment Quality According to heavy metal status in the West Port of Malaysia. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology. 2011;74:639-43.
 
15. Alami A, Tavakoly Sany SB, Tehrani H, Lael-Monfared E, Hosseini Z, Jafari A. The effect of educational intervention on iron and vitamin D consumption based on the theory of planned behaviour in Iranian adolescent girls: a quasi-experimental study. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. 2019;57(6):316-31.
https://doi.org/10.1080/14635240.2019.1632732
 
16. Afshari A, Eslami A-a, Mostafavi F, Moazam E, Golzari M, Etminani R. Self-assessment for implementation of health promotion standards in hospitals, in medical education centers of Isfahan city. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion. 2020;8(3):249-60.
https://doi.org/10.29252/ijhehp.8.3.249
 
17. Olyani S, Peyman N. Health Literacy and Health Outcomes in Iranian Adolescents: A Systematic Review. Journal of Health Literacy. 2021;6(3):78-85.
 
18. Qi S, Hua F, Xu S, Zhou Z, Liu F. Trends of global health literacy research (1995-2020): Analysis of mapping knowledge domains based on citation data mining. Plos one. 2021;16(8):e0254988.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0254988
PMid:34370749 PMCid:PMC8351965
 
19. Marsili D, Pasetto R, Iavarone I, Fazzo L, Zona A, Comba P. Fostering Environmental Health Literacy in Contaminated Sites: National and Local Experience in Italy From a Public Health and Equity Perspective. Frontiers in Communication. 2021:175.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fcomm.2021.697547
 
20. Gray KM. From content knowledge to community change: A review of representations of environmental health literacy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018;15(3):466.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030466
PMid:29518955 PMCid:PMC5877011
 
21. Finn S, O'Fallon LR. Environmental health literacy: Springer; 2018.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-94108-0
 
22. Mahdifar M, Ghavami V, Vahedian-Shahroodi M. Health Literacy and Body Image Concern Among Healthcare Employees in Binaloud, Iran. Journal of Health Literacy. 2021;6(1):31-40.