A systematic review of studies on the factors affecting the quality of life in the general population of Iran

Document Type : Systematic Review


1 PhD candidate in Health and Social Welfare, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Psychiatrist, Associate Professor, Department of social welfare management, Tehran University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran

3 PhD in Sociology, social welfare management Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Ph.D. Psychiatrist, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 PhD in Health and Social Welfare, Social Welfare Management Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background and Objective: The quality-of-life index is like a graph that describes the situation of all people living in a region or country and includes economic, social, and human variables. The results of various studies have shown that quality of life can be affected by various individual, social and environmental factors. This study aims to summarize the results of research conducted in the country with a focus on factors affecting the quality of life in the general population of Iran.
Materials and Methods: This study was a systematic review based on reviewing relevant document. All articles that published in Iranian electronic databases (example Magiran, SID, and Noormags) were examined via keywords related to the quality of life and its effective factors in the general population. Studies that met the inclusion criteria were evaluated in all years.
Results: In this research, 46 studies were reviewed from 2008 to 2018. Based on the results of the studies, some contextual and social variables such as; age, level of education, occupation, income, social capital, marital status, housed hold Size, socio-economic status, and social participation of individuals introduced as factors related to the quality of life. Also, the quality of life in the women studied was not very high.
Conclusion: Since the results of studies confirm that the impact of various individual, environmental and social factors on the individual’s quality of life, the dynamism and continuous changes in the quality of life over time, and the different opinions of different scientific groups about the indicators affecting quality of life. It is suggested that more attention must be paid to research on this structure, individual and social components that affect individual’s quality of life.


1. Ventegodt S, Merrick J, Andersen N. Measurement of quality of life IV. Use of the SEQOL, QOL5, QOL1, and other global and generic questionnaires. Sci World J. 2003;13(3):992-1001.
PMid:14570989 PMCid:PMC5974737
2. Ghafari G, Karimi A, Nozari H. Trend study of quality of life in Iran. quartery Soc Stud reserch iran. 2012;1(3):107-34.  
3. Badri A, Rezvani M, Gharanjik M. The quality of life measurement in rural areas based on subjective indicators case study: sothern jafarby dehestan, Torkman county. Geogr Environ Plan. 2013;24(2):13-6.  
4. Hosseinzadeh A, Ahmadipour T, Mavalizadeh E. A study relation emotion security, social-economy status on quality of life persons (case study: Ahwaz city). J Soc Dev. 2014;9(1):111-34.  
5. Khorasani M, Rasti H, Moghdani E. Assessment of satisfaction from quality of life in small towns with fuzzy approach. Soc Welf Q. 2014;14(54):7-36.  
6. Niazi M, dallal khorasani M. The Exploration of social and cultural factors Affecting Quality of Life. Cult Stud Commun. 2012;8(27):198-229.  
7. Shamsollahi S, Kafashi M. A Survey on the cultural and social factors effective on life quality of Tehran citizen. Soc Res (New York). 2013;6(20):161-81.  
8. Amiri S, Hajfiroozabadi M, Bahrami Babaheidari T, Sadati L. Survey of quality of life and influencing factors in Alborz university of medical sciences staff. Alborz Univ Med J. 2014;3(1):18-22.
9. Niyazi M, Ganji M, Parvari Arani Z. Social and cultural factors affecting students' quality of life. Fam Res. 2015;12(3):7-32.  
10. Feyzi V, jafar roodbandi A, Farahbakhsh S, Rezaeei H. The Investigation of Occupational and Demographic factors effective on the Quality of life of nurses and nurse aides working in teaching hospitals affiliated to kerman university of medical sciences in 2014. J Ergon. 2016;4(3):17-24.
11. Abdollahpour E, Salimi Y, Nedjat S, Jorjoran Z. Quality of life and effective factors on it among govermental staff in boukan city. Urmia Medicall J. 2011;22(1):40-7.  
12. Amini A, Sadeghian F, Zahedi T. ‏ ‏ Structural Modeling and Casual Interpretation of Rural Communities'Self-Evaluation of Quality of Lie and Its Determinants. J Appl Sociol. 2017;28(1):87-112.  
13. Navabakhsh M. social factors affecting quality of life in the city of Kermanshah. URBAN Stud. 2012;2(3):65-81.  
14. Ziaei M, Hosseini S, Shariati H, Khoshboo E. Association between Occupational Burnout and Quality of Life among Healthcare workers. Saf Promot Inj Prev. 2015;3(3):185-90.  
15. Hataminejad H, Ziari K, Pashabadi S, Haji M. Assessment of Quality of Life in Syroos Neighborhood in Tehran. Hum Geogr Res Q. 2018;50(3):513-35.  
16. Hosseini Amin N, Seyed Mirzaie M, Adrisi A. Socio-Economic Factors Affecting the Quality of Life of Tehranian Citizens. Soc Welf Q. 2017;17(66):223-54.  
17. ShamsAlizadeh N, Mohsenpour B, Ghaderi E, Rezaei F, Delavari A. Quality of life in 15-64 years old people in Kurdistan province, western part of Iran. J Fundam Ment Heal. 2010;12(45):56-448.  
18. Bokharaei A, Sharbatian M. A Sociological Study of the Factors Affecting the Development of the Quality of Life of Women in Mashhad. J Soc Dev. 2014;8(4):107-32.  
19. Firozjayan A, Dehghan M. The relationship and impact of life objective quality on the life subjective quality (Case Study: Amol city, Mazandaran province). Socio -Cultural Dev Stud. 2015;3(4):157-84.  
20. Noghaani M, Asgharpour A, Kermani M, Safa S. The quality of life and its relation with social capital in the city of Mashhad. J Soc Sci. 2011;5(1):111-40.  
21. Rahmani A, Sohrabi S. The Sociological Study of the Relationship Between Life Quality and Social Capital. Q J Socio - Cult Dev Stud. 2012;1(2):157-75.  
22. Amin Shokravi F, Alhani F, Kazemnejad A, Vahdaninia M. The Relationship Between Planned Physical Activities and Quality of Life Among Women: A Cross Sectional Study. Payesh(health Monit. 2009;8(4):407-13.  
23. Soltani R, Kafee S, Salehi I, Karashk I, Rezaee S. Survey the Quality of Life in Guilan University Students. jour guilan uni med sci. 2010;19(75):25-35.  
24. Khorsandi M, Jahani F, Rafie M, Farazi A. Health-related quality of life in staff and hospital personnel of Arak University of Medical Sciences in 2009. Arak Med Univ Journal(AMUJ). 2010;13(1):40-8.  
25. Kermansaravi F, Montazeri A, Bayat B. Quality of life in employed and housewife women: a comparative study. Payesh(health Monit. 2012;11(1):111-6.  
26. Mohammadpour RA. Health-related quality of life of a general population over 40 years old in Mazandaran province, Iran. Payesh(health Monit. 2011;10(2):145-9.  
27. Osarodi A, Golafshani A, Akaberi S. Relationship between spiritual well-being and quality of life in nurses. J North Khorasan Univ Med Sci. 2012;3(4):79-88.
28. Makvandi S, Zamani M. The survey of quality of life and its dimensions in Islamic Azad university Ahvaz branch students in 2010. jentashapir. 2012;2(4):191-200.  
29. Heidarnia M, Ghaemian T, Abadi A, Fathian S, Montazeri A. Health-related quality of life and poverty. Payesh(health Monit. 2012;11(4):491-5.  
30. Ghorbani A, Ziaee A, Sadeghi T, Asefzadeh S. Comparison the Living Quality of Obese Women with Normal Weight Women. Med J Mashhad Univ Med Sci. 2012;55(3):144-50.  
31. Amiri M, Raei M, Chaman R, Khamseh A, Rezaee N, Manouchehri J, et al. A study of the Life Quality of Students at a University of Medical Sciences in the Northeast of Iran. Knowl Heal. 2014;8(4):176-80.  
32. Rajabi Gilan N, Ghasemi S, Reshadat S, Rajabi S. The Relationship between Social Capital and Health-Related Quality of Life among Teachers. J Adv Med Biomed Res. 2013;21(88):95-107.  
33. Hashemi Z, Keikha M, Keikhaee R, Ansari M, Salehi M, Nasiri A. Is women's Employment in Health Centers Associated With their Quality of life? A Case Study of Employed Women in Zabol, Iran in 2010. Iran J Epidemiol. 2013;9(2):15-21.  
34. Janjani P, Momeni K, Karami J. The Relationship between Social Security and Life Style with Life Quality and Happiness of the Women in Kermanshah. Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2014;3(4):247-56.  
35. Banifatemeh H, Shahamfar J, Alizade aghdam M, Abdi B. Health status, education and gender: effects on people s awareness, life style and health related quality of life. Payesh(health Monit. 2015;14(1):85-92.  
36. Azizi M, Baroony zadeh Z, Motamedzade M, Goli S. Study of Nurses Quality of Life using WHO Questionnaire in Hospitals of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. J Occup Hyg Eng. 2015;1(4):68-75.  
37. Gholami A, Borji J, Chenarani R, Bahavar A, Zarei E. A survey on Quality of Life in Women Referred to Health Centers of Neyshabur-2012. sabzevar Univ Med Sci. 2015;22(5).  
38. Rahaei Z, Yarmohammadi P, Fatahi E, Mehri H, Kasiri N. The Relationship between Demographic Variables with General Health and Quality of Life in Students of Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar Branch, Iran. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2015;9(10):40-7.  
39. Hosseinkhani Z, Sabaghian M, Fouladvand A, Shams Kilani N, Fatahi Z, Motahhari fard M. Quality of Life among Behvarzs in Qazvin province Hosseinkhani,. Sci J Sch Public Heal Inst Public Heal Res. 2016;14(1):71-80.  
40. Gholami A, Bahavar A, Shadmehry F, Beyram S, Mosavi L, Sharafkhani R, et al. Study of Related Factors to Quality of Life in Students at Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences 2012. J Med Cultiv. 2017;25(2):71-80.  
41. Karimi S, Karimian J. The Relationship between Sports Participation and Quality of Life of Women in Isfahan, Iran. J Heal Syst Res. 2017;13(1):79-84.  
42. Bibi Bayat B, Mohebbi B, Tol A, Sadeghi R, Yekaninejad M. Quality of Life Predictors Among Health Volunteers in South Tehran Health Centers. Sci J Sch Public Heal Inst Public Heal Res. 2018;15(4):377-88.  
43. Panahi R, Osmani F, Sahraei M, Ebrahimi S, Shamsizadeh Nehadghashti M, Javanmardi E. Relationship of health literacy and quality of life in adults residing in Karaj,iran. J Educ Community Heal. 2018;4(4):13-9.
44. Moradi A, Jamshidi E. Association of social networks and health-related quality of life among adults. Payesh. 2018;17(2):147-57.  
45. Zahediasl M, Farokhi J. Studying the relation of life quality and social capital. Soc Sci. 2010;17(49):1-29.  
46. Ahmadi S, Mirfardi A, Ebtekari M. The Impact of Social Capital on the Quality of Life of Yasuj Citizens. socio-cultural Res J rahbord. 2013;2(6):135-57.  
47. Mirzaie M, Nafisi N. An Investigation of Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) in Adults of the City of Tehran with Emphasis on Self - Reported Health. Iran J Soc Probl. 2016;7(2):55-76.  
48. Aghayarihir M, Karimzadeh H, Khaleghi A. Analysis of subjective indicators affecting quality of life in rural areas (Case study: Sina suburb - Varzagh city). J Spat Plan. 2018;21(4):195-210.  
49. Khademi Z, Safaei S, moradi shahbaz N. The Study of the Relationship between Social Capital and Quality of Life (Case Study: Women Aged 25-65 Years in Tehran). J Appl Sociol. 2018;29(2):147-68.  
50. Ebrahimzadeh I, Rahmani I. Assess the subjective perception of quality of life in urban areas and the factors influencing Case Study: City of Konarak. Sustain city. 2018;1(3):51-64.  
51. Ghaffary G, Shirali E. Measuring the quality of life in Tehran based on WHOQOL-BREF standard questionnaire. Two Q J Econ Dev Sociol. 2018;7(1):125-50.  
52. Ziari K, Rafiee Mehr H. Assessment of the Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Informal Settlements, (Case Study: Hesar, Hamedan). Hum Geogr Res Q. 2015;47(1):21-32.  
53. Gharanjik A, Badri S. Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Rural Areas; The Case of South Jafarbay, Turkmen township. Geogr Plan Sp Q J. 2015;5(17):10-2.  
54. Taghvae A, Refieian M, Salamani H. Subjective Quality of Life Assessment based on the Perceptions of Residents Case Study (Hashemi Neighborhood in Tehran)No Title. Geogr Plan. 2015;18(50):89-105.  
55. Seyedan F, Soltanpour Oshtobini A. Evaluating the Relationship between Access to Community Services and Facilities, Neighborhood Safety and Health, and Life Quality of Women Living in Tehran (With an Emphasis on Special Needs of Women in District 2 of Tehran). Geogr Urban Sp Dev [Internet]. 2015;1(2):65-76. Available from: https://jgusd.um.ac.ir/article_24837.html