Health Literacy and Its Relationship with Self-Efficacy in Health Ambassadors

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD of Health Education and Health Promotion, Health System Research Unit, Health Center of Urmia, Urmia University of Medical sciences, Urmia, Iran

2 Health System Research Unit, Health Center of Urmia, Urmia University of Medical sciences, Urmia, Iran

3 Health System Research Unit, Health Center of Urmia, Urmia University of Medical sciences, Urmia, Iran.


Background and Objective: Health literacy is one of the major determinants of health. Demonstrates cognitive and social skills that determine individuals' motivation and ability to acquire, access, and understand ways to use information to maintain and promote health. This study aimed to examine health literacy and its relationship with self-efficacy in health ambassadors. Orumiyeh is done.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 200 health ambassadors of Urmia city were selected by cluster random sampling method. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, Health Literacy Questionnaire (HELIA) and General Self-efficacy Questionnaire (Sherer). Data were analyzed by SPSS 20 software using ANOVA and regression tests.
Results: The results of this study showed that 21.5% of health ambassadors had inadequate health literacy, 30% had insufficient health, 23% had insufficient health and 25.5% had excellent health. Also, health literacy with variables of age, gender, education level Jobs had a significant relationship. Results showed that there was a significant relationship between health literacy and self-efficacy of health ambassadors (p <0/001). So that health literacy can explain 0.62 variance of self-efficacy of health ambassadors.
Conclusion: Given the importance of health literacy in health ambassadors and the effect that self-efficacy has on health literacy, the need for interventions by health care providers to increase self-efficacy and health literacy is essential for adopting health behaviors in health ambassadors.


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