The Relationship between Health Literacy and Quality of Life of Employees in Campus of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Document Type : Original Article


1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

2 general physician. kurdistan university of medical sciences .sanandaj.iran

3 msc of biostatistics,vice chancelor for research and technology,kurdistan university of medical sciences,.sanandaj.Iran


Background and Objective: Health literacy is considered by policymakers as one of the important issues for improving the Health of the community. On the other hand، quality of life and efforts to promote it pay a significant role in individual and social health. the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Health literacy and quality of life in staff members of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences.

Materials and Methods: this cross-sectional study was carried out on all of 205 staff members of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in2018. Using a census method، data were collected using HELIA and Life Quality Questionnaire (SF-12) and Health LITERACY Tool (HELIA). Then، using descriptive statics and Pearson correlation test، they were analyzed using spss version 21 software.

Results: The results of this study showed that the average health literacy rate of the subjects was 130.16+ 17.16 and the quality of life mean score was 87.21+15.2 the most frequent source of information was healthcare professionals ، doctors and Internet .The analytical results of the study showed that there is no statistically significant relationship between gender ، age ، work experience and marital status with health literacy and quality of life) p>0.05(. But there was a significant relationship between education Level and health literacy and quality of life (p=0.001). There is also a significant relationship between the level of health and the quality of life. (p<0.0001)

Conclusion: Regarding the relationship between health literacy and quality of life dimensions، it is necessary to pay more attention to improving the health literacy of individuals (especially adults with inadequate literacy) in quality improvement programmers.


1. Lael-Monfared E, Tehrani H, Moghaddam ZE, Ferns GA, Tatari M, Jafari A. Health literacy, knowledge and self-care behaviors to take care of diabetic foot in low-income individuals: Application of extended parallel process model. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews. 2019;13(2):1535-41.
2. Khoshnudi M, Safari A, Vahedian-Shahroodi M, Sadeghnejhad H, Nejati Parvaz N. The Relationship between Health Literacy and Quality of Life in Nurses of hospitals of Kashmar in 2018. Journal of Health Literacy. 2019;4(1):9-17.
3. Khaleghi M, Amin Shokravi F, Peyman N. The Relationship Between Health Literacy and Health-Related Quality of Life in Students. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion. 2019;7(1):66-73.
4. Devlin NJ, Shah KK, Feng Y, Mulhern B, van Hout B. Valuing health-related quality of life: An EQ-5D-5L value set for England. Health Economics. 2018 Jan;27(1):7-22.
5. Deshmukh PR, Dongre AR, Rajendran K, Kumar S. Role of social, cultural and economic capitals in perceived quality of life among old age people in kerala, India. Indian journal of palliative care. 2015;21(1):39.
6. Top M, Dikmetaş E. Quality of life and attitudes to ageing in Turkish older adults at old people's homes. Health Expectations. 2015;18(2):288-300.
7. Wu T-Y, Chie W-C, Liu J-P, Liaw C-K, Netuveli G, Blane D. Association of quality of life with laboratory measurements and lifestyle factors in community dwelling older people in Taiwan. Aging & mental health. 2015;19(6):548-59.
8. Xavier FM, Ferraz M, Marc N, Escosteguy NU, Moriguchi EH. Elderly people s definition of quality of life. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. 2003;25(1):31-9.
9. Berkman N, Sheridan S, Donahue K, Halpern D, Viera A, Crotty K. Health literacy interventions and outcomes: an update of the literacy and health outcomes systematic review of the literature. Evidence report/technology assessment. 2011(199)
10. Macabasco-O'Connell A, DeWalt DA, Broucksou KA, Hawk V, Baker DW, Schillinger D, et al. Relationship Between Literacy, Knowledge, Self-Care Behaviors, and Heart Failure-Related Quality of Life Among Patients with Heart Failure. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2011;26(9):979-86.
11. Hosieni F, Mirzaei T, Ravari A, Akbary A. The relationship between health literacy and quality of life in retirement of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Health Literacy. 2016;1(2):92-9.
12. Hamzeh S. the relationship between health literacy and quality of life in chronic skin patients referred to health services of Kerman medical university in2016. (doctoral dissertation, school of nursing, Kerman university of medical sciences, Kerman, Iran).
13. Wang C, Li H, Li L, Xu D, Kane RL, Meng Q.Health literacy and ethnic disparities in health-related quality of life among rural womens: results from a Chinese poor minority area. Health and quality of life outcomes. 2013; 11(1):153.
PMid:24020618 PMCid:PMC3847672
14. Tavousi M, Mehrizi A, Solimanian A, Sarbandi F, Ardestani M, Hashemi A, et al. Health literacy in Iran: findings from a national study. Payesh (Health Monitor). 2016;15(1):95-102.
15. Sharif Moghadam H, shakiba E, Salami M. Comparison of Health Literacy of Medical and Dentistry Students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences in 2016. Journal of Health Literacy. 2017; 2(2): 73-80.
16. Ansari H, Almasi Z, Ansari-Moghaddam A, Mohammadi M, Peyvand M, et al. Health Literacy in Older Adults and Its Related Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study in Southeast Iran, Health Scope. 2016; 5(4): e37453
17. Ghanbari S, Majlessi F, Ghaffari M, Mahmoodi Majdabadi M. Evaluation of health literacy of pregnant women in urban health centers of Shahid Beheshti Medical University . Daneshvar Medicine. 2012; 19 (97) :1-12
18. Panahi R , Osmani F , Sahraei M, Ebrahimi S, Nehadghashti M, Javanmardi E. The relationship health literacy and quality of life in adults on Karaj. Journal of Education and Community Health.2018; 4. 13-19.
19. Lee, S.D., Tsai, T., Tsai, Y. et al. Health literacy, health status, and healthcare utilization of Taiwanese adults: results from a national survey. BMC Public Health 10, 614 (2010) doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-614.
20. Banihashemi, Seyed-Arash & Amirkhani, Mohammed & Haghdoost, AliAkbar & Alavian, Seyed & Asgharifard, Homa & Baradaran, Hamid Reza & Barghamdi, Mozhgan & Parsinia, Saeid & Ranjbar, Sahar. (2007). Health Literacy and the Influencing Factors: A Study in Five Provinces of Iran. Strides Dev Med Educ. 4. 1-9.
21. Tol A, Pourreza A, Tavasoli E, Rahimi Foroshani A. Determination of knowledge and health literacy among women with type 2 diabetes in teaching hospitals of TUMS. jhosp. 2012; 11 (3) :45-52.
22. Mohammadi Farah S, Saati Asr M H, Kavivani Manesh A, Barati M, Afshari M, Mohammadi Y. Health Literacy Level and its Related Factors among College Students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. J Educ Community Health. 2017; 4 (2) :11-17
23. Naghibi A, Chaleshgar M, Kazemi A, Hosseini M. Evaluation of Health Literacy Level among 18-65 Year-Old Adults in Shahriar, Iran. J Health Res Commun. 2017; 3 (2) :17-25.
24. Kooshyar H, Shoorvazi M, Dalir Z, Hosseini M. Health literacy and its relationship with medical adherence and health-related quality of life in diabetic community-residing elderly. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.2014; 23(1): 134-43.
25. Wang C, Kane RL, Xu D, Meng Q. Health literacyas a moderator of health-related quality of life responses to chronic disease among Chinese rural women. BMC women's health. 2015; 15(1).
26. Song L, Mishel M, Bensen JT, Chen RC, Knafl GJ, Blackard B, et al. How does health literacy affect quality of life among men with newly diagnosed clinically localized prostate cancer? Findings from the North Carolina‐Louisiana Prostate Cancer Project (PCaP). Cancer. 2012; 118(15):3842-51.
27. Wallace LS, Rogers ES, Weiss BD. Relationship between health literacy and health-related quality of life among Tennesseans. Tennessee medicine:J Tenn Med Assoc. 2008; 101(5): 35-9.