The Effectiveness of training of self-help program toward the parenthood on worry in pregnancy period among the nulliparous women


1 M.Sc. in Counseling, Department of Counseling, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Counseling, Psychology and Education Department, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Measurement, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Allameh Tabataba'I University, Tehran, Iran.


Background and objective: accept of parenting duty needs the psychological and emotional readiness. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of training of self-help program toward the parenthood on worry in pregnancy period among the nulliparous women.
Methods:The research method of present study was semi-experimental research with pre-posttest with control group. The study population included 30 nulliparous women who were referred to the health center in 3 phase of Andisheh city, Tehran by 2017. The women were selected by simple randomized sampling and were assigned to two groups (each group was 15 women). The experimental group received nine session of self-help program toward the parenthood. The information were collected by prenatal distress questionnaire (PDQ) made by Alderdice et al (2011). The obtained data were analyzed using ANCOVA. The data utilized by SPSS version 21.
Results: The ANCOVA analysis of the data showed that the experimental group had Significant decrease in factor 1 concerns about birth and the baby( F=48.689, P<0.001), also, factor 2 concerns about physical symptoms and body image(F=179.340,P<0.001) and factor 3 concerns about emotions and relationships(F=204.574, P<0.001).
Conclusion: the findings revealed that toward the parenthood program could be useful for reducing worry in pregnancy period among the nulliparous women. This program might be offer along with other physical checkup for mothers in health centers and clinics.
Paper Type:Research Article.


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